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New Release: “Purpose and Desire”

What makes something “alive” … and is evolution as simple as “create survival conditions, add lots of time” or is there something inherent to life that pushes it to change, not just adapt?

Professor J. Scott Turner looks into these questions, the history of the debate surrounding them, and poses thought experiments to shine some light into the corners of our understanding to see if maybe there are doors there we’ve never opened.

“Purpose and Desire: What makes something ‘alive’ and why modern Darwinism has failed to explain it”

Available now, from Tantor Audio.



A professor, biologist, and physiologist argues that modern Darwinism’s materialist and mechanistic biases have led to a scientific dead end, unable to define what life is – and only an openness to the qualities of “purpose and desire” will move the field forward.

J. Scott Turner contends, “To be scientists, we force ourselves into a Hobson’s choice on the matter: accept intentionality and purposefulness as real attributes of life, which disqualifies you as a scientist; or become a scientist and dismiss life’s distinctive quality from your thinking. I have come to believe that this choice actually stands in the way of our having a fully coherent theory of life.”

Growing research shows that life’s most distinctive quality, shared by all living things, is purpose and desire: maintain homeostasis to sustain life. In Purpose and Desire, Turner draws on the work of Claude Bernard, a contemporary of Darwin revered among physiologists as the founder of experimental medicine, to build on Bernard’s “dangerous idea” of vitalism, which seeks to identify what makes “life” a unique phenomenon of nature. To further its quest to achieve a fuller understanding of life, Turner argues, science must move beyond strictly accepted measures that consider only the mechanics of nature.

©2017 J. Scott Turner (P)2017 Tantor

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